vous invitent à un café-débat
Multinationales : encadrées ou protégées par le droit ?
Le mercredi 10 mai 2017 à 19h
au Lieu-dit 6 rue Sorbier, 75020 Paris (Métro Ménilmontant)
Alors que les multinationales jouissent de droits et privilèges qui leur sont accordés par les États (...)
Statement of the Seattle to Brussels Network for the World Social Forum’s Global Day of Action - 26th January 2008 - "No to Corporate Europe – Yes to Global Justice !"
No to Corporate Europe – Yes to Global Justice !
As members of the Seattle to Brussels Network (S2B), we are calling for
concerted efforts to roll back the strategy of the European Union called
“Global Europe : Competing in the World”, the EU’s unfair bilateral trade
agreements and corporate power. We also reject the false solution of
unfair multilateralism and the EU’s proposals at the WTO, and a revival
of the Doha Round in the exclusive premises of the World Economic Forum in Davos.
We, civil society activists engaged in a wide range of peoples’
movements and organisations in Europe express our opposition and
resistance to the neoliberal trade and investment policies that the EU
governments and European Commission are implementing in our countries and worldwide. Simultaneously, we are also building the alternatives.
Global Europe : Serving European corporations
In 2006, the European Commission (EC) unveiled its new Communication
entitled “Global Europe : Competing in the World” which outlines how the
EU will pursue bilateral trade agreements with major emerging economies in order to secure new and profitable markets for EU companies. While pushing for even more business-friendly ‘domestic reforms’, the EU sets out an aggressive so-called ‘external competitiveness’ strategy. As the EU Trade Commissioner puts it : “What do we mean by external aspects of competitiveness ? We mean ensuring that competitive European companies, supported by the right internal policies, must be enabled to gain access to, and to operate securely in, world markets. That is our agenda.”
The core elements of this strategy are :
Access to resources (from agricultural commodities to energy)
New and better market access for European products
Rules securing European investments and intellectual property rights
In addition to the ongoing multilateral WTO negotiations, the EU seeks
these objectives by negotiating bilateral free trade agreements with the
so-called emerging economies such as India, South Korea, the ASEAN
states, and also Central America and the Andean Region. Russia, the
MERCOSUR countries and the Gulf Cooperation Council are also on the
priority list of the EU. The goal of these bilateral or bi-regional free
trade agreements is to open and deregulate developing country markets
for European companies, to increase their access to natural resources,
particularly to energy reserves, and to secure their profits by enforcing intellectual property rights and other trade defence mechanisms.
This strategy not only undermines regulation in target countries. It
also clearly links EU internal deregulation to this agenda. It says, for
example, that future directives on social, labour or environmental
issues for instance, should not be threatening the global competitiveness of European corporations. In this way, Global Europe poses a serious threat to social justice, gender equality and sustainable development not only outside the EU, but also within. The erosion of workers’ rights, the worsening of the quality of jobs within the EU, the destruction of a sustainable model of farming is also intrinsically linked to the external EU trade agenda. With trade liberalisation across all sectors – agriculture, industry and services – the beneficiaries are a handful of corporations but millions lose their jobs.
Stop EPA campaign needed more than ever
Recently we met in Lisbon from 7-9 December 2007 to express our
opposition to the “Africa-EU Strategic Partnership” and the so-called
“Economic Partnership Agreements” (EPAs). These unfair trade deals based on an ultra-liberal perspective, threaten the livelihoods of millions of farmers and workers of both the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) and European countries. We noted the historical and contemporary role of European governments and corporations in Africa, and stressed that
Europe constitutes a direct source of threats and pressures on the
peoples and the environment of Africa. During the last years ACP
countries have been confronted with the reinforcement of policies
through the EU’s proposed EPAs such as trade liberalisation, the
promotion of export-oriented economies, the liberalisation of capital
markets, the promotion of foreign investment, and the privatisation of
public services. These agreements are also motivated by the aspiration
of the EU to secure or re-gain geo-political and economic influence in
its former colonies.
In the last few months the EU and the EC have abused the expiration date of the Cotonou Treaty to apply pressure and push 20 ACP countries into signing very unfavourable “interim agreements”. ACP Ministers, meeting in Brussels on 13th December 2007, have stated that the “European Union’s mercantilist interests have taken precedence over the ACP’s developmental and regional integration interests”. The interim agreement on the liberalisation of goods trade have been rushed through in the last weeks on the basis of draft texts proposed by the EC that ACP negotiators have not been able to examine or amend properly. The result is devastating agreements, that contain onerous commitments on the side of the ACP countries and, among other things, do not offer adequate protection for Food Sovereignty and emergent industry. It is clear that the EC has deliberately crippled the interim agreements to maintain leverage to force the ACP countries to accept negotiations on the infamous liberalization of services and the ‘Singapore issues’ next
year. The Stop EPA Campaign must continue to undo these interim
agreements and ward of further damaging EU demands.
The EU’s new external trade strategy is destroying our jobs, rights and environment
EU policies based on so-called “competitiveness” and increasingly open
and deregulated markets, have failed to deliver on sustainable
development and social justice. Instead, tougher and tougher competition and trade liberalisation have lead to more insecurity, precarity, deteriorating salaries and working conditions, deepening inequalities between countries, regions and between women and men. This strategy also puts under threat environmental and health regulations.
For poor countries, market opening means the collapse of farming and
industry in the face of unfair competition from European corporations –
threatening the livelihoods of millions. Rural communities, often still
a majority of the population in the targeted countries, will be
particularly harmed as cheap, processed and subsidized agricultural
goods flood developing countries’ markets. Farmers, and particularly
small-scale women farmers, who simply cannot compete with powerful
European agribusinesses, will be driven off their land.
Trade chiefs from the EU and the United States warned recently that
tackling climate change should not become an excuse for throwing up new barriers to foreign trade. Trade Ministers, whose decisions are
perpetuating unsustainable modes of production, consumption and trade, are directly responsible for climate change. Global warming shows the failure of a development model based on unfettered economic growth, the irrational exploitation of fossil fuels, over-production,
over-consumption and trade liberalisation.
While the society has never been as conscious about the social and
environmental crisis of the planet as today, the political class is
still promoting “development-as-usual”. Instead, we need a real paradigm shift.
We demand Climate Justice Now, with solutions including :
Reduced consumption in the EU
Huge financial transfers from EU to the South based on historical
responsibility and ecological debt in order to support adaptation and
Financing provided by redirecting military budgets, innovative taxes
and debt cancellation
Leaving fossil fuels in the ground
Investing in appropriate energy-efficiency and safe, clean and
community-led renewable energy
Rights-based resource conservation that enforces indigenous land
rights and promotes peoples’ sovereignty over energy, forests, land and
Sustainable family farming and peoples’ food sovereignty
The Lisbon Treaty : the wrong solution to an undemocratic and unsocial Europe
We condemn the so-called EU Reform Treaty (Lisbon Treaty) which
reinforces the power of the EC in matters of trade and development and
further reduces the capacity of citizens to influence democratically its
policies. The new treaty is deepening the neoliberal policies and the
democratic deficit of the EU, perpetuating the power of transnational
corporations and serving the interests of European capital, increasing
the militarisation of Europe, strengthening “fortress Europe” and
bringing no substantive protection to European citizens against the
downward spiral in social and environmental standards.
The main substance of the antisocial character of the “Constitution”
which was rejected in France and Holland, remains. The new Treaty will
surely deepen the crisis of legitimacy. The Europe that is being built
is a Europe of capital, that tries to defend the interests of its main
economic and financial actors worldwide (entailing both alliances and
tensions with the United States), guaranteeing also the same interests
at home, over and above those of its peoples and the environment. And to do so, Europe needs a growing internal authoritarian structure, which
will operate as a “fortress” for the migrants, based and coordinated on
its reinforced nation states, and a “unified” and structured military
might to project its economic and monetary-financial power worldwide.
We reject the externalization of borders policy of the European Union,
the policy of detention, expulsion and deportation and the readmission
agreements, the Frontex Program, which represents a huge investment in the militarization of borders control creating the basis for direct
interventions in African countries and represents a real declaration of
war against migrants.
Another vision for Europe : peace, sustainability, solidarity
Our purpose is to construct a world based on the concepts of peace,
participatory democracy, social justice, human rights, sustainability,
food sovereignty and peoples’ rights to self-determination.
We aim at creating spaces to link current struggles, emerging grassroots
resistance movements and alternative visions, and articulating social
movements, NGOs, women organisations, trade unions, human rights
organisations, farmers, ecological and indigenous movements, migrant and refugee organisations towards joint action and reflection.
We are calling for joint strategies to halt current negotiations seeking
to implement “Free” Trade Agreements (FTAs) between Europe and the rest of the world ; and consolidating the struggles against European
transnational corporations, and deepening the process of constructing
alternatives, to reclaim the right to food, education, health and other
We commit ourselves to strengthen interregional solidarity and
cooperation among our social movements and organisations from all over
the world against corporate power and all unfair bilateral trade and
investment agreements. We commit ourselves to joint resistance against
neoliberal policies and to build people-centred alternatives.
In particular we continue to campaign together to
Stop the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs)
Stop the Global Europe Strategy
Stop all bilateral trade agreements
Suspend WTO negotiations and reconsider the multilateral trading
system as a whole
Support the Moratorium on Agrofuels and the fight against global
warming and the energy crisis
Achieve freedom of movement for all people
In order to dismantle the power of transnational corporations (TNCs), we aim to :
Strengthen resistance against the operations of TNCs violating human
rights and playing a key role in the construction of the neoliberal
Expose the legal-political system and dominant institutions that serve
and protect the interests of TNCs, including the FTAs and Bilateral
Investment Treaties (BITS) that allow transnational corporations to
operate with impunity
Demand compliance to existing rules, the elimination of unfair laws,
and progress on international regulations that respect the rights of
people and the environment, with which TNCs and governments are required to comply
Provide tools to enhance the strategies of communities, social
movements and organisations confronting TNCs and promoting alternatives that strive to dismantle their presence and judge their crimes.
We will support policies in favour of solidarity, peace, the realisation
of all human rights and the harmony between people and the planet.
In the next months, we will use moments in the political calendar to
link with the global justice movement :
The Global Day of Action of the World Social Forum on 26 January 2008
The UNCTAD XII meeting in Accra, Ghana (April 2008)
The Action Week on Global Europe and the EU-FTAs in Brussels and
different European countries (April 2008)
The Peoples summit “Enlazando Alternativas 3” and the Permanent
Peoples Tribunal Session on the occasion of the EU-LAC summit and the
proposed “free trade zone” (Lima, Peru, 15-18 May 2008)
The Migration WSF in Madrid (11-13 September 2008)
The 5th European Social Forum in Malmö (17-21 September 2008)
The campaigns calling for referendums on (or against) the Lisbon Treaty
For more information and links : www.s2bnetwork.org
Members of the Seattle to Brussels Network : 11.11.11., Actionaid
International, Action Solidarité Tiers Monde, Africa-Europe Faith and
Justice Network, AITEC, Anti-Globalisation Network UK, Attac Austria,
Attac Belgium, Attac Denmark, Attac France, Attac Germany, Attac
Hungary, Attac Norway, Attac Sweden, Attac Switzerland,
Begegnungszentrum Gewaltlosigkeit Salzburg – Forum against WTO, Berne Declaration, Both Ends, Bundjugend / Young Friends of the Earth Germany, Bündnis für Eine Welt / ÖIE, Campagna per la Riforma Della Banca Mondiale, CCCOMC Paris, Central America Committee, Christian Aid, CNCD-11.11.11., Coordination Paysanne Européenne– European Farmers Coordination / La Vía Campesina Europe, Corporate Europe Observatory, Ecologistas en Acción, [Fair], Fédération Syndicale Unitaire (Education, Recherche et Culture), Finnish WTO Campaign, Food and Water Watch Europe, For Velferdsstaten / Campaign for the Welfare State, Forum SYD, Friends of the Earth Croatia / Green Action, Friends of the Earth Denmark / Noah, Friends of the Earth, England, Wales and Northern Ireland, Friends of the Earth Europe, Friends of the Earth Finland, Friends of the Earth Germany / BUND, Friends of the Earth Hungary / MTVSZ, Friends of the Earth Latvia, Friends of the Earth Netherlands / Milieudefensie, Friends of the Earth Norway Youth / Natur Og Ungdom, Friends of the Earth Slovakia / CEPA, Friends of the Earth Ukraine / Zelenyi Svti, Gatswatch Project, Global Roots, Greenpeace Germany, Greenpeace International, Institut pour la Relocalisation de l‘Economie, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, Initiative Colibri,
International Forum, Les Amis de la Terre, Nature Trust Malta, New
Economics Foundation, Norsk Bonde-Og Smabrukarlag, Oxfam Solidarity,
People & Planet, ¡Prou OMC !, Rete Lilliput, SOMO – Center For Research
on Multinational Corporations, Terra Nuova, The Corner House, The
Development Fund, Third World Network, Transnational Institute, URFIG,
Védegylet / Protect the Future, Vredeseilanden, War On Want, WEED –
Weltwirtschaft, Ökologie & Entwicklung e.V., WIDE – Women In Development Europe, Women‘s International League for Peace and Freedom, Working Group against the MAI and Globalisation, World Development Movement.